Political relations between Ukraine and China
1. Recognition of Ukraine: 27 December 1991.
2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 4 January 1992.
3. Political relations:
The bilateral relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China represent the strategic partnership, while reflecting longstanding traditions of friendship and cooperation between the two countries.
China invariably supports Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Ukraine remains firmly committed to “one China” policy. Given ongoing transformation and reforms in Ukraine in recent years, the two sides are currently undertaking measures aimed at launching a new phase of development of bilateral relations with the view to bringing them up at a new level.
The latest exchange of state visits of Heads of State took place in 2011 and 2013. During these visits signed were the basic documents which set and legally fix at present the ideas of friendship between two countries, determine key principles, achievements and priority spheres for further mutually beneficial development of Ukraine – China relations.
In the course of the Chinese President’s visit to Ukraine in June 2011, the Joint Declaration on Establishment and Development of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China was signed. The State visit of President of Ukraine in December 2013 was marked with signing the Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China, the Joint Declaration on Further Deepening of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China, and the Program of Development of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China for the years 2014-2018.
In January 2015, Mr. Petro Poroshenko, the President of Ukraine, met with Mr. Li Keqiang, Chinese Premier, in the framework of Davos World Economic Forum. In October 2014, Mr. Pavlo Klimkin, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, held a meeting with Mr. Wang Yi, the Chinese Minister for Foreign Affairs, in the margins of the Milan ASEM Summit.
There is an inter-parliamentary cooperation between the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine and the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China. Ukraine – China inter-parliamentary contact group headed by a member of parliament, Mr. Andriy Pavelko, functions in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of current convocation. The group of friendship with Ukraine led by Ms. Fu Yin, the Head of the Committee of Foreign Affairs, does exist in the Chinese National People’s Congress.
In the framework of inter-parliamentary and inter-party contacts, the Ukrainian MPs and public figures delegations have visited China in 2015 - 2017. In December 2015, the delegation of the CPC Central Committee International Affairs Department paid a working visit to Ukraine.
In January and December 2015, Beijing hosted the Ukrainian-Chinese political consultations at the level of leadership of the two countries’ Foreign Ministers concerning topical issues of bilateral relations and UN-related matters.
On 1 April 2016, in the framework of the Washington Nuclear Security Summit, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko had a short meeting with President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping. The Heads of State discussed the intensification of Ukraine-China cooperation and holding the next meeting of the Ukraine-China Intergovernmental Commission on Cooperation.
On 27-28 April 2016, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin paid a working visit to China, where he had negotiations with Minister of Foreign Affairs of China Wang Yi, held meetings with Chinese high level officials, as well as took part in the Fifth Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Member States and Observers of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia. The Parties discussed the whole range of issues concerning cooperation between Ukraine and China, as well as topical issues of international agenda.
On 17 January 2017, in the framework of Davos World Economic Forum, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko met with President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping. At the meeting, the two Heads of State expressed their interest in intensifying the political dialogue at the highest level and deepening the economic cooperation between Ukraine and China. Besides, the agreements were reached on holding the next meeting of the Ukrainian-Chinese intergovernmental Commission on Cooperation in 2017 and the Ukrainian delegation’s participation in the “One Belt, One Road” international forum (held in Beijing in May 2017). Xi Jinping also reconfirmed China’s support of Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
On 18 September 2017, the meeting between the Foreign Ministers of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin and China Wang Yi was held in New York, in the margins of the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly. The discussion was focused on the two country’s cooperation in international organizations.
On 5 December 2017, in the framework of Kyiv Third meeting of the Commission on Cooperation between the Governments of two countries, Petro Poroshenko, President of Ukraine, and Volodymyr Groysman, Prime Minister of Ukraine, held their talks with Ma Kai, Vice Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, Head of the Chinese delegation. The talks provided the Two Sides with a good opportunity to exchange their views on the most pressing issues of bilateral relations. The leaders acknowledged that the states achieved significant progress in their bilateral cooperation.