Mongolia recognized the independence of Ukraine on 17 January 1992.
The diplomatic relations between the two states were established on 21 January 1992.
Ukraine’s interests in Mongolia are represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in China.
Mongolia’s interests in Ukraine are represented by the Embassy of Mongolia in Poland (Ambassador Dorj Barkhas presented Credentials to the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy on 11 December 2020) and the Honorary Consulate of Mongolia in Ukraine (opened in August 2019, Honorary Consul - Eduard Ruban).
The high-level political dialogue built on stable, equal and confident basis that forms the ground for enhancing relations between the two countries in different fields.
The most important high-level visits and meetings for the development of Ukraine-Mongolia relations were: state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2002), state visit of President of Ukraine to Mongolia (2003), state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2011), meeting of the presidents of the two countries during the "Millennium Summit" (New York, 2000), meeting during the celebration the 60th anniversary of foundation of the State of Israel (Jerusalem, May 2008), meeting during the 64th Session of the UN General Assembly (New York, September 2009), meeting in the framework of the World Economic Forum (Davos, January 2011).
On 19 September 2012 Ulaanbaatar hosted a regular round of political consultations of Deputy Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Mongolia. 28-30 April 2013 Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine visited Mongolia to participate the 7th Ministerial Conference "Community of democracies". In December 2013 Foreign Minister of Mongolia paid visit to Ukraine to participate the Ministerial meeting of the OSCE.
16-18 September 2015 the Permanent delegation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly participated in the 14th Annual Autumn Session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in Ulaanbaatar.
The legal basis of modern bilateral relations is formed by the Treaty on friendly relations and cooperation between Ukraine and Mongolia (1992), the Joint Statement on the results of the state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2002), the Joint Statement by the Presidents of Ukraine and Mongolia (2003), and the Joint Statement on the development of partnership relations between Ukraine and Mongolia (2011). In total the legal framework of bilateral relations consists of 65 documents.